ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE TOWARD A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE 12TH EDITION PDF

adminComment(0)
    Contents:

Environmental science: toward a sustainable future / Richard T. Wright, Dorothy F. Boorse Wright, Richard Twelfth edition, Pearson new international edition. Environmental science: toward a sustainable future by Richard T Wright 2nd custom ed. for De Anza College Twelfth edition; New international edition. Previous editions. book cover. TestGen Test Bank (Download Only) for Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future, 12th Edition. Wright & Boorse.


Environmental Science Toward A Sustainable Future 12th Edition Pdf

Author:CORNELIA ORNDORFF
Language:English, German, Arabic
Country:Iceland
Genre:Children & Youth
Pages:311
Published (Last):22.08.2016
ISBN:632-7-39314-397-3
ePub File Size:25.43 MB
PDF File Size:13.34 MB
Distribution:Free* [*Sign up for free]
Downloads:37649
Uploaded by: FELICITAS

download Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future, Books a la Carte Edition (12th Edition) on redelocidi.ga ✓ FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders. Study Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future (12th Edition) discussion and chapter questions and find Environmental Science: Toward a. redelocidi.ga: Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future (12th Edition) () by Richard T. Wright; Dorothy F. Boorse and a great.

D provide most of the products.

B the demands for labor will increase. C goods and services will decline. D the total cost of labor will decline. Economics and the environment 10 In the classical view of economic activity in this figure, we expect businesses to prosper when A labor costs are low and household incomes rise. B demand for goods and services decline. C labor is in short supply and consumption is declining.

D the value of land and resources increase. B the elimination of economic systems. C the adoption of economic policies widespread in the former Soviet Union.

D a switch to free-market policies. Economics and the environment 12 In general, centrally planned economies are run to promote the A interests of society, while free-market economies depend on the self-interests of individuals. B prosperity of all countries, while free-market economies promote the particular interests of a society.

C self-interests of individuals, while free-market economies promote the interests of governments. D health of the environment, while free-market economies sacrifice sustainability.

Economics and the environment 13 Centrally planned and free-market economies both A function best without government regulations. B rely upon the self-interests of individuals. C represent ideals not found in pure form in any country. D depend upon free access to the market. Economics and the environment 14 In a free-market society, A the needs of the poor are best met by the interests of business.

B the interests of the poor, labor and business are the same. C governments ensure the free flow of goods and services in international trade. D the needs of the poor are often not met by business interests but by government programs. Economics and the environment 15 The World Trade Organization A mainly regulates the use of global environmental resources. B guards human rights and the environmental resources of the world. C is widely recognized as the leader of global trade regulation.

D has steadily lost the power to regulate international trade. B economic growth. C consumption. D productivity. Economics and the environment 17 Sustainable economic and environmental policies will shift the focus from A sustainability to productivity.

All Documents from Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future (12th Edition)

B growth to the well-being of humans. C productivity to growth. D productivity to profits.

Economics and the environment 18 If current energy consumption trends continue and the per capita income of the world increased dramatically, we would expect that A global climate change will be a greater problem.

B literacy levels to decease. C respiratory diseases in cities will increase. D land and labor will no longer be economic factors. Economics and the environment 19 In comparing green to brown economies, A green economies will embrace technologies that reduce pollutants and increase efficiency.

B brown economies will favor sustainable systems and reverse damage to ecosystem services. C both will continue with the race to develop more and more fossil fuel resources. D green economies will stress rapid growth, while brown economies will stress human wellbeing. B converting the economies of developed nation from green to brown. C farm subsidies and trade barriers. D how to control public protests at future WTO meetings. B the value of capital is assessed, either in dollars classical or as resources that can be mined from the Earth ecological.

C labor is determined, either as the number of people who are unemployed not counting farmers classical or the number of people who are unemployed counting farmers ecological.

D labor and capital are assessed, either counting the total labor and capital resources available classical or that which is in use in operations ecological.

Resources in a sustainable economy 22 The ecological economic paradigm argues that the environment encompasses the economy because the environment is essential to provide A the energy necessary to run our homes and factories. B solar energy needed for plants and to light our environment during the day.

C transportation along highways, railways, rivers, and oceans. D vital raw materials and ecosystem services and absorb wastes. Resources in a sustainable economy 23 The ecological economic paradigm places the greatest emphasis on the A amount and quality of capital available to industry.

B abundance of well-trained, well-educated labor that is available. C essential functions of the natural environment. D public's understanding of the natural environment. Resources in a sustainable economy 24 From a global sustainability perspective, economic production A is the sum of all photosynthesis in the biosphere and the resulting natural products.

B consists of all of the natural products and natural resources in the world, which are available for harvesting by humans. C is the process of converting the natural world to the manufactured world. D represents the summed gross national products of all industrialized nations of the world. Resources in a sustainable economy. A solar energy used to drive photosynthesis throughout the biosphere B coal and oil reserves C the production of electrical energy from wind turbines and dams D the genetic diversity of all plants and animals used in modern agriculture Answer: Resources in a sustainable economy 26 From an ecological economist's perspective, without sustainability, as economies grow, A gross national product grows too.

B natural resources are renewed. C the natural world is depleted. D natural ecosystems are replenished. Resources in a sustainable economy 27 Natural capital includes ecosystem capital plus A natural forms of energy, such as solar, wind, and flowing water. B nonrenewable resources such as fossil fuels.

C money available to invest in growing industry. D all of the products of photosynthesis in the biosphere. Resources in a sustainable economy 28 The concept of sustainability requires that A economic growth does not exceed the renewal of natural capital.

B all sources of energy used in an economy must come from the sun. C global economic systems are based on the harvesting of natural products. D economies use equal portions of land, labor, and capital. A the transformation of oil into heat energy in a power plant B the generation of wastes as a byproduct of human consumption C the release of heat into the atmosphere D the recycling of materials generated by human consumption Answer: Resources in a sustainable economy 30 Which of the following represents intangible capital?

B renewable natural capital. C intangible capital. D produced capital. Resources in a sustainable economy 32 Which is an example of produced capital? A stocks and bonds B laws and policies C organically grown mangoes D fisheries Answer: Resources in a sustainable economy 33 Teaching people to use forests in a sustainable way to produce lawn furniture represents A human capital affecting renewable resources, generating produced capital.

B social capital affecting nonrenewable resources, used in the creation of recycled capital. C recycling of nonrenewable resources to generate social capital. D knowledge assets impacting nonrenewable resources in the generation of social capital. Resources in a sustainable economy 34 Unlike high-income countries, low-income countries rely most on their A human resources.

B produced capital. C natural capital. D intangible capital. Resources in a sustainable economy 35 The World Bank initially and measures of GDP did not include the economic value of A ecosystem services such as the breakdown of wastes, climate regulation, and oxygen production.

Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future (12th Edition)

B the regeneration of many natural resources by sustainable processes in which natural resources are renewed. C the migration of many animal species from one region to another, replenishing the harvest of these natural resources.

D increases in the prices paid for natural products such as fish, wood, and fossil fuels. A minerals and fossil fuels B fisheries, forests, and large supplies of water C machinery, vehicles, highways, and stock investments D the intangible wealth of education and educational systems Answer: Resources in a sustainable economy 37 What do the GDP and the World Bank both fail to include in their measures of wealth?

A the importance of law and order in a society B the gradual deterioration of machinery used in industrial manufacturing C the income from the sales of goods abroad D natural services provided by ecosystems Answer: Resources in a sustainable economy 38 Which of the following is not included in the calculation of the GNP of a coal mine? A the cost of fuel to run the mining equipment B the cost of health benefits for the workers C the gradual breakdown and need for replacement of the equipment D the depletion of coal from the mine Answer: A pollination B coal and petroleum C solar energy D the library of the Smithsonian Institution Answer: D Diff: 2 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 31 Large stocks of fish in the great lakes represent A nonrenewable natural capital.

B renewable natural capital. C intangible capital. D produced capital. A stocks and bonds B laws and policies C organically grown mangoes D fisheries Answer: A Diff: 2 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 33 Teaching people to use forests in a sustainable way to produce lawn furniture represents A human capital affecting renewable resources, generating produced capital.

B social capital affecting nonrenewable resources, used in the creation of recycled capital.

C recycling of nonrenewable resources to generate social capital. D knowledge assets impacting nonrenewable resources in the generation of social capital. Answer: A Diff: 2 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 34 Unlike high-income countries, low-income countries rely most on their A human resources.

B produced capital. C natural capital.

D intangible capital. Answer: C Diff: 1 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 35 The World Bank initially and measures of GDP did not include the economic value of A ecosystem services such as the breakdown of wastes, climate regulation, and oxygen production.

B the regeneration of many natural resources by sustainable processes in which natural resources are renewed. C the migration of many animal species from one region to another, replenishing the harvest of these natural resources. D increases in the prices paid for natural products such as fish, wood, and fossil fuels. Answer: A Diff: 3 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 36 According to World Bank studies, which of the following is an example of the dominant form of wealth for most countries?

A minerals and fossil fuels B fisheries, forests, and large supplies of water C machinery, vehicles, highways, and stock investments D the intangible wealth of education and educational systems Answer: D Diff: 2 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 37 What do the GDP and the World Bank both fail to include in their measures of wealth? A the importance of law and order in a society B the gradual deterioration of machinery used in industrial manufacturing C the income from the sales of goods abroad D natural services provided by ecosystems Answer: D Diff: 3 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 38 Which of the following is not included in the calculation of the GNP of a coal mine?

A the cost of fuel to run the mining equipment B the cost of health benefits for the workers C the gradual breakdown and need for replacement of the equipment D the depletion of coal from the mine Answer: D Diff: 2 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 39 Which one of the following reduces net GDP?

A a coal-fired power plant that pollutes the air B manufacture of products to clean polluted water C clear-cutting logging of acres of pine trees D degradation of farm equipment Answer: D Diff: 2 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 40 What would comprehensive environmental accounting add to the calculation of GDP?

A the depreciation of natural capital and reductions in ecosystem services B the depreciation of human capital and the degeneration of social systems C the renewal of natural resources through natural processes D income generated from the sale of non-renewable natural resources Answer: A Diff: 2 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 41 The GDP and the GPI both include calculations of the A labor that goes into housework, parenting, and volunteer work.

B cost of pollution. C cost of crime. D income from the sale of natural products. The GPI has remained fairly level because of A the failure to include the depreciation of natural capital and ecosystem services. B the decreasing environmental and social costs of economic activity. C the rising environmental and social costs of economic activity.

D increasing education, better social programs, and overall reductions in crime. Answer: C Diff: 1 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 44 Equity in the distribution of resources is promoted by growth in A sustainable harvesting of renewable natural resources.

B human resources and produced capital. C the harvesting of non-renewable and non-renewable natural capital. D transportation and navigation systems to move produced capital. Answer: B Diff: 1 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 45 The "rule of law index" is a measure of A the capacity of the prisons and jails in a country.

B the penalties imposed for the violation of certain standard laws. C justice and the structure of social systems in a society. D the number of financial institutions and industries, which experience crime. Answer: C Diff: 2 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 46 Which of the following best illustrates an intergenerational consideration?

A increasing health-care insurance for every citizen in a country B rationing gasoline in a time of short supply C reducing the harvest of blue fin tuna to sustainable levels D depleting a forest to produce firewood for use in heating and cooking Answer: C Diff: 3 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 47 Discount rates calculate the A future value of an asset. B aesthetic value of natural assets.

C current value of a future benefit or cost. D intrinsic value of renewable resources. Answer: C Diff: 1 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 48 Environmental public policy is intended to A promote the harvesting of natural resources.

B improve human welfare and protect the natural world. C ensure access to natural resources for industry. D measure the impact of industrial wastes on the environment. Answer: B Diff: 1 LO: 3: Environmental public policy 49 Millions of human lives could be saved if we developed environmental policies that A control outbreaks of autoimmune diseases.

B prevent the degradation of the environment and encouraged sustainable use. C provide food and shelter for the developing nations of the world. D promote the construction of dams and power plants in the least developed parts of the world. Answer: B Diff: 2 LO: 3: Environmental public policy 50 Sustainable development and the protection of public health require A the generation of electricity from fossil fuels.

B governments to recognize personal liberties as the highest priority. C the independence of private landowners to develop individual policies. D public policies that protect the environment. Answer: D Diff: 2 LO: 3: Environmental public policy 51 Which part of the government is responsible for passing public-policy laws?

A The EPA passes laws that control environmental regulations. D The EPA funds ecological studies that inform the executive branch about what environmental laws are needed. Answer: B Diff: 2 LO: 3: Environmental public policy 53 Environmental government policies and regulations are applied at the A federal level only.

B state and federal levels. C local, state, and federal levels. D local level only. Answer: C Diff: 1 LO: 3: Environmental public policy 54 Which of the following represents a market approach to environmental policy? A passing laws that limit the amount of mercury that can be released by a coal-fired power plant B regulations that require storm water and sewage to be separated in municipal water treatment plants C using a cap-and-trade system to control the levels of carbon dioxide released into the air D limiting the amount of national forests available for timber harvesting Answer: C Diff: 2 LO: 3: Environmental public policy 55 Command and control approaches to environmental public policy A increase the likelihood of continued low levels of pollution, not the elimination of pollution.

B are not as good market-based policies for most environmental problems. C are simpler than market based policies. D use GPI economic principles to determine the nature of the response.

In the years that followed, new laws and regulations were adopted that banned the use of DDT in in the United States. At this point, the issue has reached the A control stage because of a command and control strategy. B control stage because of a market based strategy. C implementation stage because of a command and control strategy.

D implementation stage because of a market based strategy. Answer: A Diff: 3 LO: 3: Environmental public policy 59 In many countries, the policy life cycle will be in A a different stage for different problems, which is unrelated to the stage of economic development of a country. B the same stage for different problems, which is unrelated to the stage of economic development of a country. C a different stage for different problems, which is related to the stage of economic development of a country.

D the same stage for different problems, which is related to the stage of economic development of a country. Answer: C Diff: 2 LO: 3: Environmental public policy 60 In general, careful and detailed economic studies indicate that environmental protection helps the environment A but hurts the economy and is bad for jobs. B and produces more jobs but hurts the economy. C and helps the economy but costs the loss of jobs.

D and does not hurt the economy or cost a net loss of jobs. B are always expensive, costing consumers and industry more money. C rarely have a monetary cost associated with them.

D are paid for by tax dollars, only indirectly costing citizens for their implementation. B more than the cost of national defense in the United States. C about the same cost as the combined amounts spent on health care and defense in the United States.

D less than either the cost of defense or health care in the United States. The purpose is to enrich students' understanding of physics, and allow for more detail to be taught in subsequent high school biology and chemistry classes. It also aims to increase the number of students who go on to take 12th grade physics or AP Physics, which are generally elective courses in American high schools.

The fact that many students do not take physics in high school makes it more difficult for those students to take scientific courses in college. See also: Chemistry education Chemistry education is characterized by the study of science that deals with the composition, structure, and properties of substances and the transformations that they undergo.

Chemistry is the study of chemicals and the elements and their effects and attributes. Students in chemistry learn the periodic table.

The branch of science education known as "chemistry must be taught in a relevant context in order to promote full understanding of current sustainability issues. As children are interested by the world around them chemistry teachers can attract interest in turn educating the students further. Biology education[ edit ] Biology education is characterized by the study of structure, function, heredity, and evolution of all living organisms.

In the United States, there is a growing emphasis on the ability to investigate and analyze biology related questions over an extended period of time. Science education has been strongly influenced by constructivist thinking.

Constructivism emphasises the active role of the learner, and the significance of current knowledge and understanding in mediating learning, and the importance of teaching that provides an optimal level of guidance to learners. In other words, he must be induced, with proper aid and guidance, to make some of the fundamental discoveries of science by himself, to experience in his own mind some of those flashes of insight which have lightened its path.

[PDF Download] Environmental Science: Toward a Sustainable Future (12th Edition) [PDF] Full

The traditional method of confronting the student not with the problem but with the finished solution, means depriving him of all excitement, [shutting] off the creative impulse, [reducing] the adventure of mankind to a dusty heap of theorems. Specific hands-on illustrations of this approach are available. Research in science education relies on a wide variety of methodologies, borrowed from many branches of science and engineering such as computer science, cognitive science, cognitive psychology and anthropology.

Science education research aims to define or characterize what constitutes learning in science and how it is brought about. John D. Bransford , et al. Therefore, it is essential that educators know how to learn about student preconceptions and make this a regular part of their planning.

Knowledge organization In order to become truly literate in an area of science, students must, " a have a deep foundation of factual knowledge, b understand facts and ideas in the context of a conceptual framework, and c organize knowledge in ways that facilitate retrieval and application.

They must be taught ways of evaluating their knowledge and what they don't know, evaluating their methods of thinking, and evaluating their conclusions.C about the same cost as the combined amounts spent on health care and defense in the United States.

It also aims to increase the number of students who go on to take 12th grade physics or AP Physics, which are generally elective courses in American high schools. C recycling of nonrenewable resources to generate social capital. Answer: A Diff: 1 LO: 5: Politics and the environment 78 From to , the Bush administration A developed an energy policy that favored heavy exploitation of fossil fuels. A the depreciation of natural capital and reductions in ecosystem services B the depreciation of human capital and the degeneration of social systems C the renewal of natural resources through natural processes D income generated from the sale of non-renewable natural resources Answer: A Diff: 2 LO: 2: Resources in a sustainable economy 41 The GDP and the GPI both include calculations of the A labor that goes into housework, parenting, and volunteer work.

D public policies that protect the environment. Resources in a sustainable economy 28 The concept of sustainability requires that A economic growth does not exceed the renewal of natural capital.

JORGE from Baton Rouge
Look over my other articles. I have a variety of hobbies, like climbing. I love readily.
>