being a Translation of Book 33 of the Ihya 'Ulm ad-Din of al-Ghazzali with Translation and Annotation. By. William McKane. Published By. E. J. Brill. Leiden. Imam Abu Hamid al Ghazali was born in Tus, Khurasan. His family was very poor One day, while a group of scholars was discussing his books, a man came to. jazzakumullah. thnks for collecting al ghazzali's books of wisdom . is there any online link for book KIMYAI SAADAT pdf by imam ghazali.

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Free Islamic e-book collection. Instant PDF downloads. Includes treasured texts from a wide range of traditional Islamic scholars. By Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali ( AH) امام ابو حامد الغزالي . parts (PDF) Part I + II + III, published as Music and Singing by IBT Books. Imam al Ghazali on the Ninety Nine Beautiful Names of Allah adab guru dan murid menurut imam al-ghazali dalam kitab al-adab fi al-din skripsi jurusan.

Behind this kind of ethics stands the Aristotelian notion of entelechy: humans have a natural potential to develop rationality and through it acquire virtuous character. Education, literature, religion, and politics should help realizing this potential.

The human soul has to undergo constant training and needs to be disciplined similar to a young horse that needs to be broken in, schooled, and treated well. In his Revival he merges these two ethical traditions to a successful and influential fusion. Based on partly mis-translated texts by Aristotle Hansberger , Avicenna developed a psychology that assumes the existence of several distinct faculties of the soul.

These faculties are stronger or weaker in individual humans. Prophecy is the combination of three faculties which the prophet has in an extraordinarily strong measure.

These faculties firstly allow the prophet to acquire theoretical knowledge instantly without learning, secondly represent this knowledge through symbols and parables as well as divine future events, and thirdly to bring about effects outside of his body such as rain or earthquakes. The existence of the three faculties in human souls that make up prophecy serves for him as an explanation of the higher insights that mystics such as Sufi masters have in comparison to other people.

Sufi masters stand in between these two. With regard to the ethical value of our actions we have a tendency to confuse moral value with benefit. We generally tend to assume that whatever benefits our collective interest is morally good, while whatever harms us collectively is bad. These judgments, however, are ultimately fallacious and cannot be the basis of jurisprudence fiqh. The kind of connection between human actions and reward or punishment in the afterlife can only be learned from revelation Hourani , Marmura — Muslim jurisprudence is the science that extracts general rules from revelation.

Like most religious sciences it aims at advancing humans' prospect of redemption in the world to come. God creates and determines everything, including the actions of humans. Every event in creation follows a pre-determined plan that is eternally present in God's knowledge. God's knowledge does not change, for instance, when its object, the world, changes. For all practical purposes it befits humans to assume that God controls everything through chains of causes Marmura , — We witness in nature causal processes that add up to longer causal chains.

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God is the starting point of all causal chains and He creates and controls all elements therein. There is no single event in this world that is not determined by God's will. While humans are under the impression that they have a free will, their actions are in reality compelled by causes that exist within them as well as outside Griffel , — God creates the universe as a huge apparatus and employs it in order to pursue a certain goal qasd.

Here he describes three stages of its creation. The builder of the water-clock first has to make a plan of it, secondly execute this plan and build the clock, and thirdly he has to make the clock going by supplying it with a constant source of energy, namely the flow of water.

That energy needs to be carefully measured, because only the right amount of energy will produce the desired result. Nature is a process in which all elements harmoniously dovetail with one another.

Abu Hamid Muhammad Al Ghazali (pdf Books)

These causes have been made easy for him, who has been predestined in eternity to earn redemption, so that through their chaining-together the causes will lead him to paradise.

All these are teachings that are very close to those of Avicenna Frank , 24— God's will is not in any way determined by God's nature or essence.

God's will is the undetermined determinator of everything in this world. In reality they are compelled to choose what they deem is the best action khayr among the present alternatives. In Avicenna the First Being, which is God, makes all other beings and events necessary.

All material things are composed of atoms that have no qualities or attributes but simply make up the shape of the body. Only the atoms of spatially extended bodies can be substances.

A person's thoughts, for instance, are considered accidents that inhere in the atoms of the person's brain, while his or her faith is an accident inhering in the atoms of the heart. None of the accidents, however, can subsist from one moment waqt to the next.

This leads to a cosmology where in each moment God assigns the accidents to bodies in which they inhere. When one moment ends, God creates new accidents.

None of the created accidents in the second moment has any causal relation to the ones in the earlier moment. If a body continues to have a certain attribute from one moment to the next, then God creates two identical accidents inhering in that body in each of the two subsequent moments.

Movement and development generate when God decides to change the arrangement of the moment before. A ball is moved, for instance, when in the second moment of two the atoms of the ball happen to be created in a certain distance from the first. The distance determines the speed of the movement.

The ball thus jumps in leaps over the playing field and the same is true for the players' limbs and their bodies. This also applies to the atoms of the air if there happen to be some wind. A purely occasionalist model finds it difficult to explain how God can make humans responsible for their own actions if they do not cause them.

Avicenna stresses that no causal series, in any of the four types of causes, can regress indefinitely. Every series of causes and effects must have at least three components: a first element, a middle element, and a last element.

Al-Ghazali details the types of spiritual tortures unbelievers experience, as well as the path that must be taken in order to attain spiritual enlightenment [43]. This book serves as a culmination of the transformation Ghazali goes through during his spiritual awakening. The second chapter has a more specific focus: sexual satisfaction and gluttony.

The ultimate goal that Ghazali is presenting not only in these two chapters, but in the entirety of The Revival of the Religious Sciences, is that there must be moderation in every aspect of the soul of a man, an equilibrium.


Al-Ghazali essentially formulates two main arguments for what he views as a sacrilegious thought process. Central to the Aristotelian approach is the concept that motion will always precede motion, or in other words, a force will always create another force, and therefore for a force to be created, another force must act upon that force.

Ghazali counters this by first stating that if the world was created with exact boundaries, then in its current form there would be no need for a time before the creation of the world by God. Although these proofs would go on to be disproved by individuals such as Sir Isaac Newton Laws of Motion , The Eternity of the World would have a major impact on the beliefs of Muslim scholars and philosophers up to the present day. Ghazali veers from the often hardline stance of many of his contemporaries during this time period and states that as long as one believes in the Prophet Muhammad and God himself, there are many different ways to practice Islam and that any of the many traditions practiced in good faith by believers should not be viewed as heretical by other Muslims.

It is one of the outstanding works of 11th-century-Persian literature. The book was published several times in Tehran by the edition of Hussain Khadev-jam, a renowned Iranian scholar.

The language and the contents of some passages are similar to the Kimyaye Sa'adat. The second part differs considerably in content and style from the well-known writings of al-Ghazali.

The book was most probably written during the last years of his life. The introduction to the book relates that Al-Ghazali wrote the book in response to a certain king who had asked him for advice.

Ay farzand O son! The book was early translated to Arabic entitled ayyuhal walad. Faza'ilul al-anam min rasa'ili hujjat al-Islam is the collection of letters in Persian that al-Ghazali wrote in response to the kings, ministers, jurists and some of his friends after he returned to Khorasan. The longest letter is the response to objections raised against some of his statements in Mishkat al-Anwar The Niche of Light and al-Munqidh min al-dalal Rescuer from Error.

The first letter is the one which al-Ghazali wrote to Sultan Sanjar presenting his excuse for teaching in Nizamiyya of Nishapur ; followed by al-Ghazali's speech in the court of Sultan Sanjar.

Al-Ghazali makes an impressive speech when he was taken to the king's court in Nishapur in , giving very influential counsels, asking the sultan once again for excusing him from teaching in Nizamiyya.

The sultan was so impressed that he ordered al-Ghazali to write down his speech so that it will be sent to all the ulemas of Khorasan and Iraq. Influence[ edit ] This section needs more complete citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding missing citation information so that sources are clearly identifiable.

Citations should include title, publication, author, date, and for paginated material the page number s.

Several templates are available to assist in formatting. Improperly sourced material may be challenged and removed. Learn how and when to remove this template message During his life, he authored over 70 books on science, Islamic reasoning and Sufism. The experience that he had with suspicion drove al-Ghazali to shape a conviction that all occasions and connections are not the result of material conjunctions but are the present and prompt will of God.

The work covers all fields of Islamic science and incorporates Islamic statute, philosophy and Sufism. Sharafi courtesy of Nur! PDF Book 8: English translation by M. English translation by K. Nakamura ITS description. Book It has been translated and in currently in production. Second Quarter: On the Manners Related to Eating.

English translation by D.


ITS description Book On the Etiquette of Marriage: Arabic original Word file format only! Al-Baz Publishing , 99p.

Hans Bauer: Das Buch der Ehe. Kitab adabi n-nikah. Das On the Etiquette of Acquisition and Earning a Livelihood. On the Duties of Brotherhood. Partial translation by M. On the Etiquette of Seclusion. On the Etiquette of Travel English translation forthcoming Book On Music and Singing. Translated by D. On Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil. Cambridge University Press, , pp. Etiquette of Living and the Prophetic Mannerism: The Marvels of the Heart. On Disciplining the Soul.

English translation by T. Winter ITS description. On Breaking the Two Desires. ITS description English translation by C. Defects of the Tongue Book Condemnation of Rancor and Envy Book Condemnation of the World Book Condemnation of Miserliness and Condemnation of the Love of wealth. Condemnation of Status and Ostentation.

Translation of its Arabic Summary. Condemnation of Pride and Conceit. Currently being translated into English by M. Rustom at the University of Toronto. Condemnation of Self-Delusion. Complete English translation by W. These have been restored in the Fons Vitae edition. Twayne, , pp. Fons Vitae, n.

Paulist Press, , pp.He realized that the high ethical standards of a virtuous religious life are not compatible with being in the service of sultans, viziers, and caliphs. On the Etiquette of Travel English translation forthcoming Book Publisher : Darul-Kitab, Deoband About The Book This widely regarded as one of the great work of Muslim spirituality, and has, for centuries, been the widely read work in the Muslim world.

Whereas the teacher guides the student and takes the role of a father figure and offers council to the student, and the student respects the teacher as a patriarch.

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Condemnation of Self-Delusion. The initial argument of the Incoherence focuses on apodeixis and the demonstrative character of the arguments refuted therein.

Book Condemnation of Status and Ostentation.

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