Federico Krutwig Sagredo (–) was a Spanish Basque writer, philosopher and In he edited the book Vasconia, in which he questioned part of the traditional Basque . Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. FEDERICO KRUTWIG VASCONIA PDF - Vasconia y la nueva Europa. Front Cover. Federico Krutwig Sagredo. Elkar - pages Bibliographic. The theory of Federico Krutwig (Sarrailh de .. Frantz Fanon's “Les Damnés de la Terre” and Basque writer Federico Krutwig's “Vasconia”, as.
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Cf. Fernando Sarrailh de Ihartza (pseudonym of Federico Krutwig), Vasconia ( Buenos Aires: Norbait, ).Google Scholar. Cf., for example, Francisco. that was living in Bilbao by the name of Federico Krutwig and whose ideas were celebrated in his book Vasconia (). Atheist .. available from pdf >. 51 Articulo 57 y written by Federico Krutwig (under the pseudonym of Fernando Sarrailh de Ihartza), Krutwig called the Algerian resistance and its strategy Revolutionary war, since Krutwig's ideology and above all Vasconia is considered one of the .
ETA and Basque Political Violence
The nascent Basque nationalism did not use the name. In Spanish literally exempted provinces.
The term entered circulation in the midth century and was gradually getting out of use in the second half of the 19th century; in the early 20th century it was already entirely defunct. The name underlined that among all Spanish provinces, the ones in question were exempted from standard fiscal and conscription obligations.
The term was seldom used to denote homogeneous character of the provinces; it did not underline their commonality, but rather the character making each of them distinct from the remaining Spanish provinces. It contained no ethnic ingredient whatsoever, the regional one was present though rather muted.
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The term is in circulation since the 19th century,  though used rather sparsely. The name underlines that provinces in question enjoy some traditional, separate, province-specific not region-specific legal establishments, known as fueros. In most cases usage and context imply detailed administrative coverage,  which is by no means obvious; understanding might differ depending which provincial legal specifics is considered "fueros".
The term enjoyed some popularity at the turn of the 19th and 20th century, though still it was used rather sporadically and in specialized rather than popular discourse.
It was unique among all terms discussed here, as it was the only one capturing both diversity referring to different provinces and commonality acknowledging their sister character. It strongly underlined unity of the provinces referred to, usually against a cultural, historical, ethnic or national background.
Geographical application of the term was ambiguous.
In Spanish literally Basque-speaking provinces. The term entered circulation in the 17th century  and remained in use until the first half of the 20th century, though since the late 19th century with decreasing unofficial usage.
Until the s it was the official administrative name of the region in this usage capitalized. Fairly neutral in usage, deprived of ethnic, let alone national notions. Currently out of circulation, except in historical discourse or in personal columns, sometimes consciously used to note nominal controversies.
In Latin Basque Land.
The term emerged in Roman times and until medieval era it was occasionally used in Latin documents and maps, usually with ambiguous geographical rather than political denotation.
The term underlined commonality of Basque area but was deprived of political notions; it tended to put common history on the forefront.
It lacked clear geographical meaning and was applied according to perceived territorial coverage of the Basque realm. Following brief confusion among the nationalists in the mids,  currently it is out of use except for historical discourse or names of institutions, sporting associations etc. Out of Print—Limited Availability.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Federiko Krutwig. Get krutwih, free shipping with site Prime. This name uses Spanish naming customs: Heavily based on the central Basque dialect, this is the version of the language commonly used in education at all levels—from elementary school to the university—, on television and radio, and in the vast majority of all written production in Basque. Although the village was in Labourd, it fell within the area of the Lower Navarrese dialect of Basque.
Its goal was gaining independence for the Basque Country. Far-left politics Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Similar authors to follow Its objectives were national liberation, which meant an independent, united and Basque-speaking country, and social liberation, understood in a social democratic context.
The boundaries of all these dialects do not coincide directly with current political or administrative boundaries. On tactical terms, there was a better understanding of the reality and a new document established the basis for future intervention.
Organised around six branches publications, study groups, Basque language group, mass actions, propaganda, and military actionsthe movement initially concentrated its activities on propaganda calls on patriots to join the struggle and federicl murals, displays of Basque flags, leaflets, small explosive devices.It contained no ethnic ingredient whatsoever, the regional one was present though rather muted. Download preview PDF. Elias, N.
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He was accused of murder and executed on 27 September under the Francoist dictatorship. English, R. The new ETA leaders had drawn closer to Marxist socialism, which was incompatible with excluding a portion of the local population due to race or language. First, during the transition and the early years of democracy, repression reminiscent of the Francoist period continued to be manifest in police and para-police abuse. Cruz and M.
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